Breast enlargement is done due to various reasons – for reconstructive purposes after mastectomy because of breast cancer or for cosmetic purposes. Nowadays we have many methods for breast augmentation. It is hard to say which one to choose. Actually no one can tell us this, we can just compare different methods and after a consultation with a surgeon every woman should decide on her own.
These are artificial materials made of silicone (plastic gel) or saline (sterile salt water). Women have to be at least 18 to get saline – filled implants and at least 22 to get breast augmentation with silicone implants.
In comparison with saline implants silicone ones are more popular because they feel more like real breast but they pose bigger risk if they leak. Saline implants ruptures are easy to spot. The breast becomes smaller because leaking fluid is absorbed by the body, while silicone implant ruptures remain undetected. Therefore, women have to undergo Magnetic Resonance Imaging once every two years. Saline implants are filled after surgery for this reason the incision is smaller and a woman may decide to change the size of breasts without a surgery.
The tissue of the same person that is moved from one part of the body to another. This is another, not artificial, breast augmentation type where stem cell-enriched autologous fat is used. This procedure is also called lipofilling (adding in lipids). There are also other autologous tissues like muscles but we will talk only about autologous fat, which is used more often for cosmetic purposes than for reconstruction.
There are three methods of breast augmentation with autologous fat. Firstly, there is stem cell – enriched autologous fat. This is a long-term procedure. One operation is enough, because the breast retains most of the volume. Secondly, stem cell – concentrated autologous fat may be used. When the procedure has been carried out refreshments may be necessary, although a significant portion of the volume is retained. And the last is standard lipotransfer. During this procedure unchanged (stem cells content remain former) autologous fat is implanted. In this case only a small portion of volume retains in a long term and refreshments are necessary but the procedure itself is cheaper.